Crown Bridge Prosthesis
About Crown Bridge Prostheses
Crown bridge prosthesis, also known as fixed prosthesis, is a treatment method applied in case of one or more missing teeth in people. It is an application made by making use of the other teeth of the person to provide an aesthetic appearance for missing teeth and to restore the functions of the tooth. People who have lost one or more teeth may be quite disturbed by the new image. Teeth offer a beautiful and self-confident appearance and help people in situations such as chewing and speaking.
In case of loss of teeth that serve these functions, there are several prominent treatment methods. One of these treatments is the application of crown bridge prostheses. There are two options for the formation of these prostheses, metal and zirconium. Porcelain is used in the upper structure for treatment. It can be said that it is the most preferred treatment method for patients with tooth deficiencies.
Crown Bridge Prosthesis
There are those who claim that they can use this type of prosthesis in a healthy way for about 30 years. However, an average of 10 years of use is ideal for these prostheses. It will be quite healthy for patients to renew it every 10 years. If there is a caries formed under the procedure, it can be detected immediately as long as regular checkups are made. Regular oral care is also recommended for long-term and healthy use. Especially the dental areas where the application was made should be carefully cleaned with dental floss.
There are also brushes specially designed for cleaning crowns. In short, these prostheses are very practical in terms of both cleaning and ease of use. Since people cannot put on or take off themselves, they are subject to a process of acceptance, even if it is obligatory, when they are attached to a tooth. This acceptance process will be much easier than other scenarios. Since it is very close to the natural size of the tooth, its volume is also small enough. It also appeals to the eye in terms of aesthetics as the point that people generally care about most. For all these reasons, it is seen that they are often preferred.
What are Crowns and Bridges?
If we look at what the crown process means; It can be said that it is called the application of covering the teeth that have been damaged too much, have a very bad appearance in terms of aesthetics, and are in danger of breaking. There is no tooth loss for this process. There are certain reasons for crown plating. Many reasons such as deformity in the teeth, discoloration on the teeth over time, loss of dense material in the tooth structure, fractures and cracks with cold-hot sensitivity, teeth that become brittle due to root canal treatment applications are sufficient for this preference. Healthy teeth are not affected by this veneer treatment. Bridge application is the completion of missing teeth by taking support from the surrounding teeth.
In this process, the teeth on both sides of the gap where tooth loss is experienced are reduced and veneer is applied on them. To the still existing space, the tooth body is added to the number of missing teeth. Since this process is completed with the help of the surrounding teeth, it can only be applied in cases where there are teeth on both sides of the area where the tooth loss is experienced. Therefore, it is not possible to use a bridge application for edentulous jaws that cannot meet this requirement. These two stages converge as crown bridge prostheses for the purpose of crown coating with the help of existing teeth.
In case of tooth loss for any reason, it is possible to see many problems when the surrounding teeth start to move towards this space. Gingival problems, aesthetic disorders, changes in chewing functions such as power differences are some of these problems. If these gaps are not closed for a long time, the situation can negatively affect the surrounding teeth. Therefore, at the end of the examination, the required prosthesis procedure should be applied to the area with the gap.
Metal Supported Porcelain Crown and Bridge Prosthesis
Crown bridge prostheses, which are more preferred than removable prostheses, consist of several different types. There are certain conditions necessary for the application of these types. This includes the process of taking tooth impressions and preparing the teeth. This can be completed in 3-4 sessions, that is, in about 1 week. There are three different types of these prostheses: metal supported porcelain crown, zirconium crown and implant supported crown. Metal supported porcelain applications are formed by the preparation of coatings using metal or nickel. This type of prosthesis aims to prolong the life of the tooth to be formed. For aesthetic reasons, the tooth can be covered with metal support.
While metal is used in the substructure for these prostheses, porcelain is used in the superstructure. They are types of prostheses that are long-lasting. However, like all other treatments, this is directly proportional to oral care. As long as the person performs oral care regularly, this type of crown bridge prosthesis has a lifespan of approximately 5-6 years. In the same way, if adequate oral and dental care is provided, the duration of use of these prostheses will also increase.
Zirconium Crown and Bridge Prosthesis
The use of zirconium for these prostheses allows transparency. Thanks to zirconium, the patient has the chance to gain a natural appearance with transparent structure. They are generally preferred. Since they are designed in accordance with the tone of the patient’s tooth color, they create an aesthetically pleasing image. It is also known that they are more durable than ceramic prostheses. It takes approximately 10 days to place these prostheses. Extreme care should be taken for the maintenance of prostheses. Since the duration of use depends on its cleaning, it is recommended that people do oral and dental care on a fairly regular basis.
Regular tooth brushing should be ensured as well as regular dental floss use. The floss makes contact with residues in thin areas where the brush cannot touch, making it extremely clean for the areas. Because the teeth are joined in the bridge application, it can be difficult to clean the gaps. In this case, it is important to use special brushes produced for this purpose. For healthier crown and bridge prostheses, regular doctor control should be provided as well as oral and dental care.
Implant Supported Crown Bridges
This type of prosthesis comes to mind in cases where one or more teeth are lost. If a patient has one or more missing teeth and does not want any changes in the teeth around the gap area, it is considered appropriate to apply implant-supported prosthesis for these missing areas. This prosthesis is a fixed prosthesis. Implants attached to the tooth structure can be glued or screwed on. It is possible to clean it together with other teeth in the mouth. Such prostheses can be formed from both zirconium and ceramic by utilizing metal substructure support.
After the bone healing process is over, with the addition of the implant, the treatment process is completed without damaging any teeth. As a remarkable development especially in recent years, it can be said that the visible parts of the implanted areas are also made of ceramics. In this way, if the person has a thin gingival structure, a metal reflection is prevented. This type of crown bridge prosthesis provides an aesthetic appearance for people.