The process of repairing decayed and cracked teeth over time using appropriate materials is called dental filling.
Before the procedure, preparation for tooth filling should be made. This process should be applied before the degree of caries goes too far. If the tooth decay goes down to the root, this process cannot be applied. Then another treatment option, which we call canal filling, is required.
What is Dental Filling?
There are many different fillers since there are many different brands and the process performance varies due to brand. In addition, the quality of the devices used is very effective in terms of durability of the filling and the complete removal of caries from the tooth.
How Is Tooth Filling Made?
Depending on the degree of decay, it is cleaned with the help of anesthesia, if necessary. Cleaning should be done carefully. Otherwise, the filler may fall off on its own after a short time. Apart from rotary head systems, special devices with pressure without touching the tooth are frequently used in our clinic for the removal of caries. The second stage is the preparation of the tooth. Then there are the stages of application of the material. There are different stages for filling materials with different structures. As a result, the filling obtained should take the shape of the natural tooth and take on the natural tooth color. This is also directly proportional to the skill and experience of the dentist as well as using the appropriate device. It is usually a comfortable procedure.
After the filling process is completed, compatibility with the other teeth is evaluated. At this stage, the difference in color and size is taken into account. The harmonization of the bite plane, that is the occlusal plane, is the most important functional step. After the procedure, nothing should be eaten or drunk for at least 2 hours. Very hot and cold drinks should be avoided for the first 24 hours. A short-term feeling of sensitivity is possible. This is temporary.
Types of Dental Fillings
Filling types vary according to the materials from which they are made of. The most appropriate technique and material is selected according to factors such as the hardness of the material and the method of application, how long the filler will be used. For this reason, when you decide to have a filling, you should definitely ask your dentist what type of filling to do. Filling types produced from poor quality materials both threaten human health and cause financial losses. For this reason, quality filling types that can fully adapt to the human body should be preferred.
To Whom Tooth Filling Is Applied to?
Dental fillings are applied to patients whose tooth integrity is impaired due to reasons such as not brushing regularly, breaking the tooth as a result of biting hard and crusty foods, and deformation of the teeth over time. After the procedure, the old appearance and function of the tooth is restored. The filling process is not sufficient in patients whose tooth loss goes down to the root part. Therefore, the degree of tooth loss is important for this treatment.
The type of filling made with the special request of the patients in the laboratory environment is called gold filling. They are not ready-made products. They are custom made. Due to its gold structure, it is durable for life. It is a material that is friendly with teeth and surrounding tissues. It is not preferred today due to the cost of the construction material and its lack of aesthetics.
What is Amalgam Filling?
They are fillings that have been used for many years and are also known as gray or silver fillings. It is a filling material obtained by using a certain amount of mercury. It is known to be very durable. It is resistant to food and drink. Average lifetime is 5 years. It has been proven as a result of research that mercury metal has a toxic effect on the human body. For this reason, it is not a material that is used very often in recent years. It is not aesthetic because it reflects the color of tooth enamel as black.
What is Composite Filling?
These are the filling types that are closest to the natural tooth color. After the filling is applied, it is not possible to distinguish it from natural teeth. After the bruises are cleaned, the filling material is placed directly into the cavity. It is not a suitable material for large spaces. It is not considered an appropriate technique for every patient. Dentists recommend this type of filling if the patient is suitable.
What is Glass Ionomer Filling?
It is a type of filling used temporarily in adult patients and permanent in pediatric patients. As a result of research, it has been proven that it does not have any toxic effects. It is a type of filling that can also be applied to pregnant women.
Tooth Filling Prices 2022
The costs of filling treatment, which protects one’s own teeth as much as possible, are not fixed. The chemical properties of the filling used, the brand of the filling material, the treatment fees of the physician, the degree of caries, the duration of the procedure, the location of the clinic and the dentist, namely the expertise, change the transaction prices. For this reason, when you decide to have a dental filling, you should first research the price. The number of fillers to be applied is also a criterion that affects prices. When choosing a clinic, the success of the doctor, the risk of complications and the degree of satisfaction of previous patients are taken into account. In line with these criteria, the choice of dentist should be made. Incorrect treatments can cause tooth and gum problems. It is necessary to be careful about treatments that seem much more economical. After a short time, it may be short-lived, it may fall, there may be pain, its color may deteriorate in a short time, it may cause bruises on the bottom, which we call secondary caries. All these complications will cost more if they require the tooth filling to be done again.
Inlay-Onlay-Overlay Porcelain Dental Filling
It is a preferred technique for dental problems where the rate of tooth decay is high, but it is not necessary to crown the whole tooth. Like other filling types, it may not be applied immediately in the clinical setting. Before the procedure, the patient’s oral measurement is taken. The size of the caries is evaluated. The filling is custom made digitally or traditionally in the laboratory environment. In the second session, the filling, that is, the restoration, is adhered to the tooth and occlusal arrangements are made. It is one of the most effective dental filling procedures that can be applied aesthetically. The material used consists of various ceramic mixtures. Ceramics are selected in the appropriate mixture according to the tooth color of the person and the size of the defect. It has a complete natural appearance. It is known as porcelain filling. Since ceramic material is applied, it can be used for a lifetime.
Filling Construction Phase
Filling treatment is carried out in four stages. All stages require sensitive and meticulous work. It is important to complete these steps fully in order to use the filling material for a long time and to avoid sensitivity in the treated tooth. The first stage is physical examination and, if necessary, x-ray. A detailed examination is performed by the dentist. After the examination, if necessary, x-rays are taken and the caries on the inside and outside of the tooth are fully detected. As a result, it is determined how much filling material should be used.
The second stage is the application of local anesthesia. Anesthesia is applied so that the patient is comfortable and does not feel any pain. Anesthesia may not be required for minimal caries. However, it is recommended in all procedures to relieve the patient’s anxiety. Before proceeding to the third stage, rubber dam technique is applied in our clinic. In this technique, only the tooth to be treated is protected with a silicone cover. It protects the mouth. The carious area is completely removed from the tooth enamel. It must be thoroughly purified until it reaches a solid layer. If this process is not applied meticulously, the filling material will separate from the tooth enamel after a while and fall off.
The final stage is the bonding of the filling material. Filling material is placed in the determined tooth cavity. The paste-like material is shaped and frozen according to the shape of the tooth. As a result of the advancement of technology, dental filling can be used for a lifetime without any problems and as one’s own tooth. It does not cause any problem in the appearance and function of the tooth. The most important part is where the bite surfaces are arranged, which we call occlusal adjustment, which should be done after the filling is finished.
Use of Tooth Filling
The main purpose of filling teeth is to restore the integrity of the tooth and ensure that it can be used with full function. It does not cause any problems in the person’s speech, biting and chewing function. There is no sensitivity, especially during the biting function. However, if the existing bruised area is not completely cleaned, a comfortable use cannot be mentioned.
Tooth Filling Prices
Transaction costs vary depending on the clinic. For this reason, when you decide to make a transaction, you may want to make a price-performance comparison. However, your priority should always be to get quality service at an affordable price. Dental filling, which is applied by an experienced dentist using quality materials, should be preferred.